Since the 1950s, the Zika virus has been known to occur within a narrow equatorial belt from Africa to Asia.
In 2014, the virus spread eastward across the Pacific Ocean and in 2015 to Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean, and South America, where the outbreak has reached pandemic levels.
So far, about 3500 people have contracted the disease while five deaths have been confirmed. Solomon Kaweesa reports.
Though the virus has been around for this long it was not seen as very interesting, only two Ugandans ever caught the disease over the last 70 years.
Dr. Julius Lutwama a respected virologist from Uganda said that the Ugandan virus and the one spreading across the Caribbean and Latin America has everything in common with the main difference being genetic differences that makes the virus spread much faster than normal.
“It has undergone several changes, in the genetic makeup of the virus and this has made the virus much easier to multiply in the body of humans” Dr. Lutwama stated.
The Caribbean and Latin American region is under the threat of Zika that is believe to have lead to a massive rise in microcephaly cases.
A short documentary on the virus can be found below: