(BBC) — The US Democrats have taken control of the House of Representatives in the mid-term elections, dealing a serious blow to President Donald Trump.
Taking control of the lower chamber of Congress for the first time in eight years will enable Democrats to thwart the president’s agenda.
But Mr Trump’s Republicans have retained control of the US Senate.
Tuesday’s vote was seen as a referendum on a polarising president, even though he is not up for re-election till 2020.
What’s happening in House races?
The BBC’s US partner network CBS projects the Democrats will win the 23 seats they need to take over the lower chamber of Congress.
The Democrats can now launch investigations into Mr Trump’s administration and business affairs, from tax returns to potential conflicts of interest, while blocking his legislative agenda.
Americans voted for all 435 seats in the House, and female candidates stole the spotlight in an election cycle that had been billed as the Year of the Woman.
New York Democrat Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez is projected to have become the youngest woman ever elected to the US House at 29 years old.
Democrats Ilhan OImar and Rashida Tlaib are also expected to make history in Minnesota and Michigan respectively as the first Muslim women elected to Congress.
What’s happening in Senate races?
Republicans have retained control of the upper chamber of Congress, where they currently hold a slim 51-49 majority.
Republican businessman Mike Braun ousted first-term incumbent Joe Donnelly, a moderate Democrat in Indiana.
White House press secretary Sarah Sanders said Mr Trump had “closed the deal” for Mr Braun after appearing alongside him at a rally on Monday night.
In Texas, Republican Ted Cruz Cruz beat his challenger, Democratic rising star Beto O’Rourke.
And in North Dakota, Democratic Senator Heidi Heitkamp was ousted by her Republican challenger.
Democratic Senators Joe Manchin and Bob Menendez held on after tough campaigns in West Virginia and New Jersey respectively, but it was cold comfort.
Mitt Romney, the 2012 Republican presidential nominee, has won election to US Senate from Utah, as expected.
Democrats were always facing an uphill battle in the Senate this year because they were defending 26 seats, while just nine Republican seats were up for grabs.
America’s partisan trenches deepen
Analysis by Anthony Zurcher, BBC News
It’s a tale of two chambers.
The door to a Democratic-controlled Senate slammed shut. Donald Trump will continue to have a Republican majority ready and willing to confirm his executive and judicial appointments. The only question now is the size of his party’s advantage.
In the House of Representatives, however, the story is different. The path of least resistance for Democrats to a majority in that chamber led through educated suburban districts that had long voted for Republicans, but contained voters that may have been uneasy with Donald Trump’s policies and rhetoric.
One by one, those districts were carried by the Democrats. In Virginia, Illinois and Florida, moderate Republicans lost. In places like Colorado, New Jersey, Kansas, Pennsylvania, Texas and New York, Democrats are poised for victory.
It won’t feel like the tsunami many on the left were hoping for, but a steadily rising tide is still lifting Democrats to enough victories to give them control of the House for the first time in eight years. With that comes the ability to stop the Trump legislative agenda in its tracks and puts some teeth in congressional oversight of his administration.
The partisan trenches in America are getting deeper. And after two years in the darkness, Democrats have a means to fight back.
What’s happening in governors’ races?
In Florida, left-wing progressive Andrew Gillum has conceded after an ugly battle against a Trumpist conservative, Ron DeSantis.
Jared Polis is projected to win the Colorado gubernatorial race, becoming the first openly gay man to be a US governor.
New York Democratic Governor Andrew Cuomo – sometimes spoken of as a 2020 presidential contender – is expected to cruise to a third term.
Democratic candidate Stacey Abrams could become the first female African-American governor in the US if she can beat Republican opponent Brian Kemp after a bitter campaign.
Governors have been chosen in 36 out of 50 states.