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(PRESS RELEASE VIA SNO) – World Physiotherapy Day (WPD) is observed annually on 8th September.
The day presents an opportunity for physiotherapists from all over the world to raise awareness about the crucial contribution the profession makes to keeping people well, mobile and independent.
This year the theme adopted for World Physiotherapy Day by the World Confederation for Physical Therapy, is “Physiotherapy and Mental Health”.
In keeping with this year’s theme, the Physiotherapy Association of St. Lucia (PASL) Inc. would like to inform the public that: According to the World Health Organization/WHO (2018a) mental health issues include not only psychoses but also depression, anxiety, stress, abnormal thoughts, perceptions, emotions or behaviours.
Research has shown that exercise has been deemed a mood enhancer (Stanton, Rosenbaum, Kalucy, Reaburn & Happell, 2014).
Physical activity can be undertaken in many different ways including walking, cycling, sports and active forms of recreation (for example, dance, yoga, tai chi) (WHO, 2018b).
Physical activity can be undertaken at work and around the home (i.e. lifting, carrying or other active tasks), and as part of paid or unpaid domestic tasks around the home (cleaning, carrying and care duties) (WHO, 2018b).
Schuch et al. (2016) via research also showed that there is generally a better outcome when exercise is delivered by a physical therapist.
Adults aged 18–64 should do at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic physical activity or do at least 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity aerobic physical activity throughout the week or an equivalent combination of moderate- and vigorous-intensity activity (WHO, 2018a).
Children and adolescents should do 60 minutes (1 hour) or more of physical activity daily (CDC, 2018).
Physical activity geared at assisting with mental health issues are similar to those recommended for the general population and can be used with few side effects (Stanton et al., 2014).
Dr. Sibyl Edward, the president of PASL Inc, in reflecting on the role the Association can play in educating individuals on how to utilize physical activity to improve their mental health, is advising that persons should contact their physician prior to embarking on a structured exercise program. She also noted that if persons are referred to a physiotherapist for an individualized program, they should ensure that this professional is licenced to practice in St. Lucia.
In observance of WPD, the Association embarked on various activities leading up to September 8, 2018 and will continue to encourage each individual to ‘keep active!
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, 2018). Physical activity guidelines. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/dcpc/prevention/policies_practices/physical_activity/guidelines.htm
Schuch, F.B., Vancampfort, D., Firth, J., Rosenbaum, S., Ward, P.B., Silva, E.S . . . & Stubbs B. (2018). Physical activity and incident depression: A meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 175(7), 631-648. doi:10.1176/appi.ajp.2018.17111194.
Stanton, R., Rosenbaum, S. Kalucy, M. Reaburn, P. & Happell, B. (2014). A call to action: Exercise as treatment for patients with mental illness. Retrieved from https://www.essa.org.au/wp content/uploads/2014/06/ESSA_ACTIVATE_SEPT14_web_smallestfilesize.pdf
World Health Organization (WHO, 2018a). Mental disorders. Retrieved form http://www.who.int/en/news- room/fact-sheets/detail/mental- disorders
World Health Organization (WHO, 2018b). Global action plan on physical activity 2018-2030: More active people for a healthier world. Retrieved from http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/272722/9789241514187-eng.pd