BRIDGETOWN, Barbados, Feb 16, CMC – The first major planning and coordination meeting for the field campaign, Elucidating the Role of Clouds-Circulation Coupling in Climate (EURECA), gets underway here on Monday.
EURECA is a cap experiment of the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) designed to significantly enhance scientific understanding of the role of trade-wind cumuli, which represent the most frequent cloud occurrence on earth and commonly seen in the Caribbean in controlling the magnitude and pace of future global warming.
The organisers said data collected over the ocean east of Barbados will form the basis for significant improvements to an understanding of tropical meteorology, which will drive significant enhancements to the predictive capability of existing regional and global weather and climate models.
“These outputs will be important for disaster risk reduction and sector planning activities globally but especially across the Caribbean. Results will inform investments for sustainable development and enhance long term climate resilience activities in key socio-economic sectors.”
The EURECA field campaign will run until February, 20, 2020, and will bring together teams from Europe and Caribbean institutions as well as United States to collect ocean and atmospheric data using a multitude of research aircraft, ship and ground-based platforms.
Principal at the Caribbean Institute for Meteorology and Hydrology (CIMH), Dr. David Farrell, said the Barbados-based organisation is excited to be a part of the international collaboration bringing the EURECA campaign to Barbados, “as it represents one of the most significant ocean and atmospheric experiments conducted in many years with the outcomes of the various studies expected to significantly improve the predictive accuracy of weather and climate models over the tropics..
“EURECA has the potential to transform ocean and atmospheric research in the region by making available vast amounts of new data and presenting opportunities for new global collaborations and partnerships leading to cutting edge research.
“Already there is expressed interest among scientists in the region to participate given the opportunities for new and transformative career building research. EURECỦA will transform the state of knowledge about the region’s oceans and atmosphere as well as spawn many theses and research publications that will transform Caribbean science and innovation, leading to significant social and economic benefits in the coming years,” he added.
The organisers said that EURECA is motivated by the previously successful campaigns – Next-generation Aircraft Remote Sensing for VALidation studies (NARVAL)-1 and NARVAL-2 conducted by German and Caribbean institutions in January 2013 and August 2016 respectively.
Director of the German-based Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Dr. Bjorn Stevens, said that a year from now the world will be coming together over the seas east of Barbados to tackle some of the most challenging and important problems in climate science.
Dr Stevens, who with Dr Bony conceived of the project and co-leads its European contributions, said “the EURECA field study is a joint European and Caribbean effort that culminates two decades of research to better understand how clouds influence the response of climate to increasing CO2 concentrations, and weather and climate more generally.
“EURECA builds on nearly 10 years of joint work with CIMH, a cooperation that has laid the ground work for the planned field operations. Findings from EURECA are expected to make a central contribution to efforts to anticipate future global warming, and how this warming impacts quantities as diverse as the sea-level rise, changing patterns of precipitation, and the distribution of major wind systems. EURECHA is also opening new levels of inquiry into how the atmosphere and ocean communicate,” he added.