One M. Beaucé affirmed that the soil was twelve times more productive than that of Europe.
Sugar, coffee and cocoa were the staple products grown, corn was also grown but it was used as poultry feed. The major spices, dyeing stuffs and medicinal plants included cinnamon, ginger, pimento, cloves, vanilla, nutmeg, indigo, cassia, castor-oil, aloes, logwood, quinaquina, jalap, cactus, ipecacuanha, sarsaparilla, lignum vitae and simaruba (Copperwood/turpentine tree). Yams, sweet potatoes, cassava and eddoes were produced in abundance.
The other leguminous plants and esculents were cabbages, cucumbers, parsnips, peas, carrots, radishes, egg-fruit (canistel), pumpkin, sorrel, celery, spinach, okras, tomatoes, callaloo, beans and beet-root.
Breen also stated that all the delicious fruits of the West Indies and many valuable exotics grew to perfection in St. Lucia. The most attractive was the pine-apple, grape, cocoa-nut, melon, fig, guava, sapodilla, orange, citron, shaddock, lime, fig/banana, mango, star-apple, pomegranate, mamee, cherry, tamarind, chestnut, avocado, breadfruit, breadnut, soursop, custard-apple, sugar-apple, cashew, papaw, golden-apple and granadilla.
Did you know the quarter of Soufriѐre was famous for the great variety and exquisite taste of its fruits and vegetables? Its pine-apples, watermelons, muscadine grapes and figs were considered to be of superior quality to those produced in any part of the West Indies.
St. Lucia was covered with forest trees of every form and endless variety. They were, with few exceptions, indigenous to the soil. Many of them were valuable for building and the locust or native mahogany grew in abundance.
Some other major trees were the palm tree, trumpet tree, white cedar, black cedar, oak, poplar, bully tree, soap tree, rosewood, cinnamon tree, galba, pois doux, gris gris, willow and ironwood etc.
Source: St. Lucia: historical, statistical, and descriptive by Henry Hegart Breen – 1844